Crime and juvenile offenders
Effects of juvenile delinquency
Consistent discipline, supervision, and affection help to create well-socialized adolescents Austin, ; Bender, ; Bowlby, ; Glueck and Glueck, ; Goldfarb, ; Hirschi, ; Laub and Sampson, ; McCord, ; Sampson and Laub, However, arrests of youths under eighteen years of age for violent crimes surged by seven percent. The stigmatisation engendered by the criminal justice system therefore produces a self-fulfilling prophecy—young people labelled criminals assume the identity of a criminal. For example, due to their status as legal minors, the state provides in loco parentis supervision of juveniles in detention. In their review of many studies investigating relationships between socialization in families and juvenile delinquency, Loeber and Stouthamer-Loeber concluded that parental neglect had the largest impact. The collection spans a broad range of research topics, including: criminal law, criminal courts, juvenile law, juvenile courts, criminal justice reform, law enforcement and the police, crime and the adult offender, correction, probation, prisons and parole, prison reform, drug abuse, and related social issues. It is, however, widely recognized that the more risk factors a child or adolescent experiences, the higher their risk for delinquent behavior. Family Structure Before embarking on a review of the effects of family structure, it is important to raise the question of mechanisms Rutter et al. The proportion of all alleged offending that is attributed to juveniles varies across jurisdictions and is impacted by the counting measures that police in each state and territory use. Careful analyses of juvenile court cases in the United States shows that economic conditions rather than family composition influenced children 's delinquency Chilton and Markle,
What accounts for the increase in risk from having a young mother? Widom and McCord both found that children who had been neglected were as likely as those who had been physically abused to commit violent crimes later in life.
Census Bureau, The abstracts provide comprehensive information and are fully indexed, with bibliographic citations. A number of studies have found that poor parental management and disciplinary practices are associated with the development of delinquent behavior.
Several prospective longitudinal studies have found that children with attention and hyperactivity problems, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, show high levels of antisocial and aggressive behavior Campbell, b; Hechtman et al.
It is unknown to what extent this occurs in jurisdictions other than the Australian Capital Territory Richards Explore: Resources Overview This powerful research tool provides nearly 40, in-depth abstracts of studies published in more than professional journals and also includes: abstracts of material from books, pamphlets, monographs, federal and state documents, dissertations, case studies, task force findings, and statistical analyses.
Most adolescents in U. Age Studies of criminal activity by age consistently find that rates of offending begin to rise in preadolescence or early adolescence, reach a peak in Page 68 Share Cite Suggested Citation:"The Development of Delinquency.
based on 49 review